Belen, NM Profile: Facts & Data


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Belen, New Mexico - Basic Facts

The City of Belen had a population of 7,270 as of July 1, 2020.

The primary coordinate point for Belen is located at latitude 34.6628 and longitude -106.7764 in Valencia County. The formal boundaries for the City of Belen encompass a land area of 8.28 sq. miles and a water area of 0.02 sq. miles. Valencia County is in the Mountain time zone (GMT -7). The elevation is 4,810 feet.

The City of Belen (GNIS ID: 2409814) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

New Mexico is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Belen is located within Belen Division of Valencia County.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Belen: Belem, Bethel, Nuestra Senora de Belen *.


Belen, NM Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2020)


Total Population 7,270 (100%)
Population in Households 7,166 (98.6%)
Population in Families 5,621 (77.3%)
Population in Group Quarters1 104 ( 1.4%)
Population Density 384
Diversity Index2 71


Median Household Income $33,516
Average Household Income $45,651
% of Income for Mortgage4 14%
Per Capita Income $17,902
Wealth Index5 37


Total HU (Housing Units) 3,481 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 2,095 (60.2%)
Renter Occupied HU 801 (23.0%)
Vacant Housing Units 586 (16.8%)
Median Home Value $108,299
Average Home Value $142,462
Housing Affordability Index3 186


Total Households 2,895
Average Household Size 2.48
Family Households 1,861
Average Family Size 3
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2010-2020 2020-2025
Population -0.24% -0.07%
Households -0.19% 0.0%
Families -0.36% -0.21%
Median Household Income   0.95%
Per Capita Income   1.51%
Owner Occupied HU   0.05%


Belen, NM - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Belen to the other 443 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New Mexico by rank and percentile using July 1, 2020 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 33 93rd
Population Density # 142 68th
Median Household Income # 320 28th
Housing Affordability Index # 300 68th
Per Capita Income # 320 28th
Diversity Index # 151 66th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New Mexico Census Data Comparison Tool.

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