Elephant Butte, NM Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Elephant Butte, New Mexico - Basic Facts

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The City of Elephant Butte had a population of 1,361 as of July 1, 2017. Elephant Butte ranks in the lower quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in New Mexico. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Elephant Butte is located at latitude 33.1824 and longitude -107.2216 in Sierra County. The formal boundaries for the City of Elephant Butte (see map below) encompass a land area of 4.3 sq. miles and a water area of 0.01 sq. miles. Sierra County is in the Mountain time zone (GMT -7). The elevation is 4,465 feet.

The City of Elephant Butte (GNIS ID: 2410420) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

New Mexico is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Elephant Butte is located within Truth or Consequences East Division of Sierra County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Elephant Butte population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

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City of Elephant Butte, NM Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Truth or Consequences East Division | Sierra County | New Mexico Counties

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Elephant Butte, NM Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 1,361
Daytime Population: Workers 455
Daytime Population: Residents 782
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 1,237
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 0.91
Population in Households 1,361
Population in Familes 1,007
Population in Group Qrtrs 0
Population Density2 317
Diversity Index3 41


Median Household Income $35,340
Average Household Income $46,223
Per Capita Income $24,847


Total Housing Units 1,317 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 638 (48.4%)
Renter Occupied HU 98 ( 7.4%)
Vacant Housing Units 582 (44.2%)
Median Home Value $156,281
Average Home Value $168,681


Total Households 735
Average Household Size 1.85
Family Households 432
Average Family Size 2
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population -0.69% -0.82%
Households -0.68% -0.86%
Families -0.98% -1.09%
Median Household Income   -0.37%
Per Capita Income   1.35%

Elephant Butte, NM - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Elephant Butte to the other 443 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New Mexico by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 116 74th
Population Density # 168 62nd
Diversity Index # 376 15th
Median Household Income # 273 39th
Per Capita Income # 127 72nd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New Mexico Census Data Comparison Tool.

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