Artesia, NM Profile: Facts & Data


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Artesia, New Mexico - Basic Facts

The City of Artesia had a population of 13,203 as of July 1, 2022. Artesia ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in New Mexico. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Artesia is located at latitude 32.8423 and longitude -104.4033 in Eddy County. The formal boundaries for the City of Artesia encompass a land area of 9.94 sq. miles and a water area of 0.02 sq. miles. Eddy County is in the Mountain time zone (GMT -7). The elevation is 3,379 feet.

The City of Artesia has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

New Mexico is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Artesia is located within Artesia Division of Eddy County.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Artesia 2022 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Artesia (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. New Mexico Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. New Mexico Data Comparison Tool - 2022 Demographics

Artesia, NM Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2022)


Total Population 13,203 (100%)
Population in Households 13,122 (99.4%)
Population in Families 10,811 (81.9%)
Population in Group Quarters1 81 ( 0.6%)
Population Density 1,165
Diversity Index2 80


Median Household Income $66,067
Average Household Income $97,561
% of Income for Mortgage4 15%
Per Capita Income $36,285
Wealth Index5 94


Total HU (Housing Units) 5,629 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 3,172 (56.4%)
Renter Occupied HU 1,807 (32.1%)
Vacant Housing Units 650 (11.5%)
Median Home Value $191,443
Average Home Value $238,993
Housing Affordability Index3 173


Total Households 4,979
Average Household Size 2.64
Family Households 3,395
Average Family Size 3.00
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2020-2022 2022-2027
Population 1.12% 0.57%
Households 1.00% 0.52%
Families   0.44%
Median Household Income   3.41%
Per Capita Income   2.72%
Owner Occupied HU   0.81%

Artesia, NM - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Artesia to the other 527 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New Mexico by rank and percentile using July 1, 2022 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 18 97th
Population Density # 37 93rd
Median Household Income # 98 82nd
Housing Affordability Index # 390 74th
Per Capita Income # 116 78th
Diversity Index # 104 81st

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New Mexico Census Data Comparison Tool.

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