Chama, NM Profile: Facts & Data


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Chama, New Mexico - Basic Facts

The Village of Chama had a population of 980 as of July 1, 2020. Chama ranks in the upper quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in New Mexico. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Chama is located at latitude 36.9031 and longitude -106.5795 in Rio Arriba County. The formal boundaries for the Village of Chama encompass a land area of 2.67 sq. miles and a water area of 0.03 sq. miles. Rio Arriba County is in the Mountain time zone (GMT -7). The elevation is 7,871 feet.

The Village of Chama (GNIS ID: 2413539) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

New Mexico is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The Village of Chama is located within Tierra Amarilla Division of Rio Arriba County.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Chama: Chama Crossing.


Chama, NM Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2020)


Total Population 980 (100%)
Population in Households 969 (98.9%)
Population in Families 724 (73.9%)
Population in Group Quarters1 11 ( 1.1%)
Population Density 367
Diversity Index2 79


Median Household Income $40,914
Average Household Income $51,493
% of Income for Mortgage4 15%
Per Capita Income $23,138
Wealth Index5 46


Total HU (Housing Units) 604 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 321 (53.1%)
Renter Occupied HU 124 (20.5%)
Vacant Housing Units 159 (26.3%)
Median Home Value $149,202
Average Home Value $217,368
Housing Affordability Index3 177


Total Households 445
Average Household Size 2.18
Family Households 252
Average Family Size 3
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2010-2020 2020-2025
Population -0.41% -0.43%
Households -0.2% -0.18%
Families -0.63% -0.48%
Median Household Income   0.46%
Per Capita Income   1.97%
Owner Occupied HU   0.37%


Chama, NM - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Chama to the other 443 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New Mexico by rank and percentile using July 1, 2020 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 151 66th
Population Density # 153 66th
Median Household Income # 202 55th
Housing Affordability Index # 273 62nd
Per Capita Income # 200 55th
Diversity Index # 48 89th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New Mexico Census Data Comparison Tool.

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