Columbus, NM Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Columbus, New Mexico - Basic Facts

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The Village of Columbus had a population of 1,775 as of July 1, 2016. Columbus ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in New Mexico. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Columbus is located at latitude 31.8251 and longitude -107.64 in Luna County. The formal boundaries for the Village of Columbus (see map below) encompass a land area of 2.79 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles. Luna County is in the Mountain time zone (GMT -7). The elevation is 4,068 feet.

The Village of Columbus (GNIS ID: 2413542) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

New Mexico is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The Village of Columbus is located within Deming South Division of Luna County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Columbus population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2016.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Columbus: Colombus.

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Village of Columbus, NM Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Deming South Division | Luna County | New Mexico Counties

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Columbus, NM Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2016)


Total Population 1,775
Population in Households 1,774
Population in Familes 1,461
Population in Group Qrtrs 1
Population Density1 637
Diversity Index2 71


Total Households 584
Average Household Size 3.04
Family Households 383
Average Family Size 4


Total Housing Units 694 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 440 (63.4%)
Renter Occupied HU 144 (20.7%)
Vacant Housing Units 110 (15.9%)
Median Home Value $71,694
Average Home Value $114,683


Median Household Income $30,802
Average Household Income $45,068
Per Capita Income $17,334
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2015 2015-2020
Population 1.04% 0.36%
Households 0.88% 0.24%
Families -0.97% 0.1%
Median Household Income   -0.31%
Per Capita Income   0.39%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Columbus, NM - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Columbus to the other 443 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New Mexico by rank and percentile using July 1, 2016 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 94 79th
Population Density1 # 84 81st
Diversity Index2 # 129 71st
Median Household Income # 356 20th
Per Capita Income # 333 25th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New Mexico Census Data Comparison Tool.

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