Artesia, NM Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Artesia, New Mexico - Basic Facts

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The City of Artesia had a population of 12,242 as of July 1, 2016. Artesia ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in New Mexico. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Artesia is located at latitude 32.8477 and longitude -104.428 in Eddy County. The formal boundaries for the City of Artesia (see map below) encompass a land area of 9.94 sq. miles and a water area of 0.02 sq. miles. Eddy County is in the Mountain time zone (GMT -7). The elevation is 3,379 feet.

The City of Artesia (GNIS ID: 2409736) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

New Mexico is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Artesia is located within Artesia Division of Eddy County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Artesia population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2016.

Neighborhood Data

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City of Artesia, NM Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Artesia Division | Eddy County | New Mexico Counties

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Artesia, NM Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2016)


Total Population 12,242
Population in Households 12,106
Population in Familes 10,059
Population in Group Qrtrs 136
Population Density1 1,232
Diversity Index2 73


Total Households 4,636
Average Household Size 2.61
Family Households 3,196
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 5,089 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 3,043 (59.8%)
Renter Occupied HU 1,593 (31.3%)
Vacant Housing Units 453 ( 8.9%)
Median Home Value $141,705
Average Home Value $188,950


Median Household Income $46,650
Average Household Income $63,353
Per Capita Income $23,984
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2015 2015-2020
Population 1.27% 1.03%
Households 1.28% 1.04%
Families 1.16% 0.88%
Median Household Income   1.72%
Per Capita Income   1.45%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Artesia, NM - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Artesia to the other 443 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New Mexico by rank and percentile using July 1, 2016 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 20 96th
Population Density1 # 37 92nd
Diversity Index2 # 108 76th
Median Household Income # 120 73rd
Per Capita Income # 134 70th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New Mexico Census Data Comparison Tool.

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