Roswell, NM Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Roswell, New Mexico - Basic Facts

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The City of Roswell is the 5th largest city in New Mexico with a population of 48,664 as of July 1, 2016. Roswell ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in New Mexico. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Roswell is located at latitude 33.3734 and longitude -104.5294 in Chaves County. The formal boundaries for the City of Roswell (see map below) encompass a land area of 29.86 sq. miles and a water area of 0.06 sq. miles. Chaves County is in the Mountain time zone (GMT -7). The elevation is 3,576 feet.

The City of Roswell (GNIS ID: 2411003) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

New Mexico is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Roswell is located within Roswell Division of Chaves County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Roswell population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2016.

Neighborhood Data

Address Based Hyperlocal Data Input an address and get data & demographics for the pertinent census block group (CBG), a searchable map and a customized directory. The CBG is the smallest geographical unit used by the Census Bureau for reporting certain data.


City of Roswell, NM Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Roswell Division | Chaves County | New Mexico Counties

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Roswell, NM Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2016)


Total Population 48,664
Population in Households 47,252
Population in Familes 38,782
Population in Group Qrtrs 1,412
Population Density1 1,630
Diversity Index2 77


Total Households 17,505
Average Household Size 2.7
Family Households 11,804
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 19,912 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 11,266 (56.6%)
Renter Occupied HU 6,239 (31.3%)
Vacant Housing Units 2,407 (12.1%)
Median Home Value $110,276
Average Home Value $139,921


Median Household Income $39,085
Average Household Income $52,196
Per Capita Income $19,425
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2015 2015-2020
Population 0.09% 0.04%
Households -0.14% -0.09%
Families -0.4% -0.25%
Median Household Income   1.05%
Per Capita Income   1.08%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Roswell, NM - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Roswell to the other 443 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New Mexico by rank and percentile using July 1, 2016 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 5 99th
Population Density1 # 19 96th
Diversity Index2 # 61 86th
Median Household Income # 212 52nd
Per Capita Income # 271 39th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New Mexico Census Data Comparison Tool.

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